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Reductive amination of phenyl-2-propanone with Sodium Cyanoborohydride (1kg scale)

William Dampier

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Synthesis:
1. A mixture of phenyl-2-propanone (1000 g), ammonium acetate (6000 g), and sodium cyanoborohydride (600 g) in 15 liters of IPA was stirred at room temp for 48 h.
2. The pH of the mixture was maintained at neutrality by dropwise addition of concentrated HCl during the course of the reaction.
3. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness to yield a yellow semisolid that was suspended in water (25 ml) and then acidified to pH 1 by slow addition of concentrated HCl.
4. The acidic suspension was washed with methylene chloride, then made basic (pH 10) by the addition of NaOH pellets.
5. The resulting basic aqueous suspension was extracted with methylene chloride.
6. The combined methylene chloride extracts were washed with water, dried over magnesium sulfate, and evaporated to dryness to yield amphetamine as a yellow oil.
7. Dissolve oil in three amounts of acetone.
8. Dropwise sulfuric (or orthophosphoric) acid to pH - 6 when stirring.
9. Put in a freezer for 12 hours.
10. Filtrated and dried.
 
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